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Understanding Septic and Cesspool Systems

Cesspools and septic tank systems in Ridgewood, Midland Park, and the rest of Bergen County are popular choices when it comes to handling household waste. The proper functioning of these systems keep your home sanitary and comfortable, and their malfunctions can cause significant damages. This is why you need to stay on top of their maintenance requirements, starting with routine septic tank inspections done by a professional septic tank company. Feel free to keep reading if you are interested in gaining a better understanding of septic and cesspool systems.

What They Do Septic and Cesspool

Septic systems and cesspools are both used to handle your plumbing waste. You can find them underground in your yard, where they work to filter your waste and prepare it to be introduced back into the environment. Waste separates into 3 layers inside the septic tank, and you’ll need regular septic tank inspections to see if your system needs to be pumped. The 3 layers consist of a bottom layer of sludge, a middle layer of liquid effluent, and a top layer called scum. Waste from the middle layer travels from one side of the septic tank to the other through a baffle, and then it moves out into the drain field.

Why They Are Important

A working cesspool or septic tank is essential if your home is not connected to the public sewage system. These systems give the waste you flush down your toilet and rinse down your sink somewhere to go, and they even offer an environmentally-friendly way to bring them back to the outside world. Faulty systems can lead to backups and the water damage and sanitation issues that may result.

How to Maintain Them

You typically don’t have to do all that much to maintain your septic tank, but septic inspections are important. During a septic tank inspection, your plumbing professional will come over and check the levels inside your tank. If the sludge layer is too high and the system is reaching capacity, it may be time to pump it. This prevents the septic system from overflowing and allows it to continue working properly.

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